It has been taught in Venezuelan schools for the last 50 years or more that the Essequibo belongs to Venezuela and that the British stole it from them. But when Venezuelans wanted to visit the Essequibo, they made sure they got their passport stamped. They learned in theory then that the Essequibo belongs to Venezuela and in practice that it belongs to Guyana. This causes serious mental crosscurrents in their minds.
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A few weeks ago, President Ali, along with a team consisting of GDF personnel and others, flew via helicopter to the Pakaraima Mountain ranges bordering Venezuela, planted a flag pole, and hoisted the Golden Arrow Head in a show of resistance to Venezuela’s claim of the Essequibo.
It is unlikely that the current Brazilian government, headed by Lula Da Silva, will give military support to Guyana in the event of an invasion by Venezuela. In fact, “unlikely” is a bit of an understatement. It is almost certain that Brazil, on its current stance and trajectory, will render any sort of military assistance to Guyana in the event of a Venezuelan incursion into Guyana.
Venezuela has scheduled a referendum for December 3rd regarding the possibility of annexing the Essequibo region. The territory in question is part of Guyana, meaning the situation could cause a war between the two countries. Therefore, Itamaraty diplomats are already observing the situation and looking for ways to maintain peace.